Armenia. Armenian writing has been included in the list of intangible cultural heritage.
The art of Armenian writing and its cultural interconnections constitute a centuries-old art of Armenian letter making, the rich culture of letter decoration and its various uses, as the UNESCO report has shown. Armenian writing is based on the Armenian alphabet created in 405 AD. by Mesrop Mashtots, according to the principle “a letter for a sound”. The element also stands out for its wide range of ornamental scripts, generally classified according to their shapes; knots, birds, animals, mythological or imaginary characters and creatures.
Since their invention, Armenian letters have not only performed their main function of creating written heritage, but have also been used to represent numbers, encrypted languages. Always, the letters are also used in crafts.
The art of Armenian writing has penetrated almost all layers of society, especially popular art. It is practiced throughout the Armenian territory and is an integral part of the cultural identity of the Armenian people. Those who spread this art are artists, carpet weavers, embroiderers, sculptors, linguists, calligraphers, jewelers and others.